Low-carbon hydrogen – international project examines new technology
February 18, 2020
Des Plaines, IL
An international collaboration led by Cranfield University is set to examine the potential for low-carbon hydrogen to be the clean fuel of the future. The HyPER project (Bulk Hydrogen Production by Sorbent Enhanced Steam Reforming) will construct a state-of-the-art 1.5 MWth pilot plant at Cranfield University to test an innovative hydrogen production technology that substantially reduces greenhouse gas emissions.
With £7.5million funding from the Department for Business, Energy and Industrial Strategy’s (BEIS) Energy Innovation Programme, the project also involves US-based research and development organization GTI and Doosan Babcock, a specialist in delivery of low-carbon technologies. The project centers on a novel hydrogen production technology invented by GTI.
Minister for Business, Energy and Clean Growth, Kwasi Kwarteng, said, “Hydrogen offers the opportunity of a cleaner, greener fuel for heating our homes and getting us from A to B. The innovative project from Cranfield University, GTI and Doosan Babcock is a clear step in that direction – particularly in this year of climate action.”
Hydrogen could become a widespread resource
Hydrogen (H2) is a vital compound that goes into the production of fertilizers and chemicals, as well as an essential reactant for many processes. The demand for low-carbon hydrogen is expected to increase significantly in the future, as H2 is used to decarbonize the gas grid, industry, power generation, and transportation.
Professor Phil Hart, Director of Energy and Power at Cranfield University, said, “Each year the world consumes 74 million tonnes of hydrogen and demand will increase as countries seek to decarbonize their economies. The kind of technology we are exploring could open up this market across the globe and make the production, storage and transportation of low-carbon hydrogen a widespread reality.”
“Energy companies have to meet the reliability, cost, and safety needs that their customers demand at the same time they are reducing the impact on the environment. Hydrogen is a great solution for that,” adds Mike Rutkowski, GTI Senior Vice President, Research and Technology Development.
New pilot plant will be constructed at Cranfield University
Following on from a successful first phase, the pilot plant will be constructed at Cranfield University in 2020 and become operational in 2021. Dr Peter Clough, Lecturer in Energy Engineering at Cranfield University, says, “The pilot plant will be a fantastic opportunity to demonstrate the scale-up of the technology and process, and to offer a unique teaching and research facility for students at Cranfield University.”
“Doosan Babcock is excited to be the engineering partner progressing the HyPER technology to pilot demonstration in the UK. We look forward to realizing the potential of the technology to meet the demand for low-carbon energy at lower cost,” comments Stuart Mitchell, Director of Technology Innovation at Doosan Babcock.
“The Phase one work showed that the technology has great market potential and makes economic sense. Moving the technology forward will minimize greenhouse gas emissions, and we anticipate great benefits for consumers, industry, and the hydrogen sector,” adds Mike Rutkowski. “GTI is developing the technologies for a safe, reliable, affordable pathway to a low-carbon energy future.”
New process could be 30% lower cost and more efficient
GTI’s innovative hydrogen production technology inherently captures the greenhouse gas carbon dioxide (CO2) during the hydrogen production process and shifts the chemical reactions to favor the production of more hydrogen. The outputs are high-purity streams of hydrogen and carbon dioxide which can be then stored, sold or transported to where it is needed.
The process for the direct production of hydrogen from natural gas that will be used in the project is compact yet scalable to very large plants. It has the potential to produce high-purity hydrogen at an up to 30% lower cost than conventional steam methane reforming methods that require CO2 capture as an additional expensive process step. Conventional technology is also limited in the portion of CO2 emissions that can actually be avoided with reasonable economics. A key benefit of the new process is that it could be more economical and efficient than other technologies as the product streams are pressurized.
GTI is a leading research, development and training organization that has been addressing global energy and environmental challenges by developing technology-based solutions for consumers, industry, and government for more than 75 years. The company leverages energy and aerospace experience to lower energy costs and provide cleaner sources of fuel and power with technology-based solutions.
About Cranfield University
Cranfield is an exclusively postgraduate university that is a global leader for education and transformational research in technology and management.
Cranfield Energy and Power
Cranfield has been a leader in energy and power for 20 years. Our expertise includes low carbon energy supply, power generation, advanced fossil fuel technologies and transport systems. Our teaching and research covers offshore renewables, oil and gas engineering, the production and clean utilisation of fossil fuels, combustion and power generation through to bioenergy and the utilisation of wastes as fuel.
We have long-standing strategic partnerships with Alstom Power, BP, Centrica, Chevron, Doosan Babcock, Dong Energy, Petrofac, Rolls-Royce, Shell, Siemens and many others.
Our world-class facilities include the Structural Integrity Laboratory, which has a wide range of equipment to study the mechanical behaviour of components and material samples up to 250,000 tonnes and has machines unique to any university in Europe, and the Ocean Systems Test Laboratory, designed for model testing at the early stage of marine renewable projects.
About Doosan Babcock
Doosan Babcock is a specialist in the delivery of engineering, aftermarket and upgrade services to the nuclear, thermal, oil and gas, petrochemical and process sectors. With a focus on the delivery of low-carbon technologies and an industry-leading project management capability, the company builds, maintains and extends the life of customer assets worldwide. www.doosanbabcock.com
About the Department for Business, Energy and Industrial Strategy (BEIS)
The Department for Business, Energy, and Industrial Strategy (BEIS) is a ministerial department bringing together responsibilities for business, industrial strategy, science, innovation, energy, growth and climate change. We are building an economy that works for everyone, so that there are great places in every part of the UK for people to work and for businesses to invest, innovate and grow.
As part of the BEIS Energy Innovation Programme the £33 million Hydrogen Supply programme aims to accelerate the development of low carbon bulk hydrogen supply solutions. It is aimed at projects at a technology readiness level (TRL) of 4 to 7, which could result in lower capital or operating costs.
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