A Clear Focus on the Future
GTI has an extensive fuel cell mobility program, and has partnered with government and private industry to further the use of hydrogen as a transportation fuel by delivering infrastructure, vehicle, engine, fuel dispensing, and system solutions for clean fuel cell vehicles.
Researchers have developed and evaluated a wealth of innovative technologies, and led numerous demonstration projects across the nation to assess impact and validate the technical and environmental case for implementing hydrogen-fueled fuel cell vehicles.
California Fuel Cell Partnership
GTI International subsidiary Frontier Energy has managed the California Fuel Cell Partnership (CaFCP) since its inception 20 years ago. The partnership is leading market introduction of fuel cell vehicles and hydrogen stations in the state. The Frontier Energy team is also working with GTI on fuel cell truck pilot projects.
- Technology development, design, and testing
- Renewable hydrogen fuel systems infrastructure
- Hydrogen storage, compression, and dispensing equipment
- Vehicle testing and field demonstrations
- Quality sampling and measurement
- Codes and standards development support
- Market development (California Fuel Cell Partnership)
- Training, education, and outreach
- Fueling infrastructure planning and deployment
Assessing performance of fuel cell powered heavy-duty terminal tractors in Zero Emissions for California Ports (ZECAP) project
GTI and partners have designed and assembled two new zero-emissions fuel cell-electric terminal tractors to assess their operation in a demanding, real-world cargo-handling application at the Port of Los Angeles. Zero Emissions for California Ports (ZECAP) is a first-of-a-kind pilot project to verify the performance of terminal tractors (also called yard trucks) and evaluate their safety, reliability, efficiency, and ability to meet operational requirements and reduce cargo-handling equipment (CHE) emissions at the port. The yard trucks will operate for 12 months and refill at an onsite hydrogen fueling station. To maximize the time they are in service, quick refills are a critical factor.
With funding from the California Air Resources Board (CARB), other partners include TraPac, Capacity of Texas, BAE Systems, Ballard Power Systems, Hydrogen Technology & Energy Corporation (HTEC), Frontier Energy, and ZEN Clean Energy Solutions.
The $11M project is part of California Climate Investments, a statewide initiative that puts billions of Cap-and-Trade dollars to work reducing greenhouse gas emissions, strengthening the economy, and improving public health and the environment – particularly in disadvantaged communities.
Demonstrating a Hydrogen Locomotive for Short-line Rail Applications
GTI and Sierra Northern Railway’s (SNR) are leading a nearly $4 million project for the California Energy Commission under their Hydrogen Fuel Cell Demonstrations in Rail and Marine Applications at Ports (H2RAM) program to develop a hydrogen-fueled, zero-emissions locomotive that will reduce transportation air pollutants and greenhouse gas emissions. It will be demonstrated on SNR’s short-line operations, which serve the railyard and seaport in West Sacramento, a designated disadvantaged community.
GTI and the project team will design, build, and demonstrate a switcher locomotive which integrates an advanced hydrogen fuel cell, hydrogen storage, advanced battery, and systems control technologies to collectively provide a cleaner alternative to diesel-powered locomotives and further California’s environmental objectives.
Southern California Gas Company is providing funding support, as is the Low-Carbon Resources Initiative (LCRI)—a five-year effort, led by GTI and the Electric Power Research Institute (EPRI), to develop and demonstrate clean energy technologies and advance low-carbon solutions in challenging applications. The team of rail and hydrogen industry experts also includes Railpower Tech LLC, Ballard Power Systems, Optifuel Systems LLC, UC Davis Institute of Transportation Studies, Valley Vision, Velocity Strategies, and the Sacramento Metropolitan Air Quality Management District.
GTI’s FAST TRACK project deploying fuel cell-electric hybrid heavy-duty trucks in California
The FAST TRACK heavy-duty alternative transportation truck project is deploying plug-in hybrid fuel cell electric Class 8 trucks in Southern California to help to reduce air pollution.
With funding from the California Air Resources Board (CARB), GTI and technology partner TransPower are deploying trucks in a phased rollout. The five trucks are being operated at the Port of Los Angeles by Total Transportation Services Inc (TTSI). The project will provide extensive performance data and operational experience, which could help pave the way for the use of hydrogen in other transportation applications.
The FAST TRACK project is part of California Climate Investments, a statewide initiative that puts billions of Cap-and-Trade dollars to work reducing greenhouse gas emissions, strengthening the economy, and improving public health and the environment — particularly in disadvantaged communities.
Improving cost and efficiency of hydrogen vehicle fueling infrastructure with a free-piston expander
With funding from DOE, GTI is making continued progress in scaling up and testing a free-piston expander for hydrogen cooling to drastically improve cost and efficiency of hydrogen vehicle fueling infrastructure. The innovative free-piston linear drive mechanism for hydrogen cooling counteracts heating effects that occur when fuel cell vehicles are fueled. Low maintenance cost is also a key benefit of this technology as there is only one moving part.
The GTI-developed technology is being leveraged in major new hydrogen fueling station technology development being sponsored by DOE.
Supporting fuel station certifications with new technology to measure hydrogen quality
Hydrogen dispensers at fueling station for fuel cell vehicles must confirm that these dispensers meet fuel quality guidelines. GTI designed, developed, and tested the hydrogen quality sampling apparatus (HQSA) to support fuel station certifications. The portable and easy-to-use technology safely collects samples for analysis to measure hydrogen quality at the fuel station’s dispenser nozzle. Additionally, this apparatus was used to support the development of an ASTM standard for collection of pressurized hydrogen gas samples.
Designing and installing hydrogen fueling facilities
GTI has partnered with government and private industry to develop, evaluate, and demonstrate technologies that further the use of hydrogen as a transportation fuel by delivering infrastructure, vehicle, engine, fuel dispensing, and system solutions for clean transportation fuel cell vehicles. GTI and the Center for Transportation and the Environment (CTE) in Atlanta were chosen by the Carolina Research Association (SCRA) to design and install hydrogen fueling facilities in the greater Columbia, South Carolina area. The facilities were used during the National Hydrogen Association conference and the Columbia Fuel Cell Challenge in spring 2009.
Learn more about how GTI scientists and engineers have tested and developed new components and systems, and developed and deployed hydrogen fueling stations and infrastructure.
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